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四园散养土鸡有哪些技术要点?

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四园散养土鸡有哪些技术要点?

发布日期:2020-04-30 14:29 来源:http://scsqtx.com 点击:


ZHANGQIYILAI,JIAODICHENGDUDEBENPINZHONGXUANYUHEJIAOWEICUFANGDESIYANGGUANLIMOSHI,SHITUJIXINGCHENGLESHENGBINGJIAOSHAO、NAICUSIDETEDIAN,JIAZHIJINNIANLAIRENMENCHONGSHANGLVSEHUANBAOSHIPINDEXIAOFEI,CU

SHILINGUOYUAN、CHAYUAN、SANGYUANJIZHUYUAN(YIXIAJIANCHENG“SIYUAN”)SANYANGTUJIDEDAOPENGBOFAZHAN。“SIYUAN”YANGJIYOUSANDAHAOCHU:YISHITIGAOTUDILIYONGLV,JIEJUERENQINZHENGDIDEWENTI。FAZHAN“SIYUAN”SANYANGTUJI,KESHIYOUXIANDETUDIZIYUANDEDAOLITILIYONG,JIEJUEFAZHANCHUMUYEYUBAOHUJIBENNONGTIANERCHANSHENGDEZHENGDIWENTI。ERSHIGAISHANSHENGTAIHUANJING,CUJINNONG、LIN、MUJUNHENGFAZHAN。

发展“四园”散养土鸡,可有效达到农、林、牧相互补充且均衡发展的立体效果。用灯光诱虫来饲喂土鸡,减少了“四园”虫害,从而降低了农药的用量、改善了生态环境;同时,南阳柴鸡苗土鸡排泄的粪便使土壤肥力提高,有利于林木生长。三是利用立体效果,提高经济效益。土鸡在“四园”中活动范围较大,所以其抗病力较强,管理过程中基本无需用药,生产出来的鸡蛋、鸡肉也就没有药物残留;同时,“四园”的虫、草为土鸡提供了丰富的营养,从而节约了饲料、降低了饲养成本。

南阳柴鸡苗

随着时下人们生活水平的提高,对食品质量的要求也慢慢变得高,消费需求趋于生态、绿色、无公害。“四园”散养土鸡的主要饲料(即虫、草)纯天然、无激素、无药物残留,所以南阳柴鸡北京11选5苗土鸡生产的产品天然无公害,深受群众欢迎,市场行情报价高于普通商品鸡产品20%以上,增加了养殖户的收人。笔者走访调查了部分“四园”散养土鸡养殖户,并结合自身工作实践,总结了“四园”散养土鸡的技术要点,介绍如下。

1XUANZECHANGDI

“SIYUAN”XUANZEDUIYUYANGHAOTUJIQIZHESHIFENGUANJIANDEZUOYONG。BUTONGDE“SIYUAN”,ZAIXUANZESHIYAOYOUSUOCEZHONG。YIBAN“SIYUAN”YIZHONG、CHENGSHULINWEIHAO,ZUIHAOXUANZESHUGUANJIAOXISHU、GUANCENGJIAOGAO、SHUYINZAI70%YIXIADELINDI。“SIYUAN”YAOQIUYUCUNZHUANGYOUYIDINGJULI,JIAOTONGBIANLI,DISHIGAOZAO,TOUGUANG、TONGFENGXINGNENGJIAOHAO,LINDIZACAO、KUNCHONGJIAOFENGFU,YOUQINGJIEWEISHENGQIECHONGZUDESHUIYUAN。SHULINZHIYEGUOYUMAOMI、SHUYINGUODADELINDIYIJIPINGGUO、TAO、LIDENGXIANGUOLINDITOUGUANGXIAOGUOBUHAO,BULIYUTUJISHENGZHANG;ERQIE,PINGGUO、TAO、LIDENGXIANGUOLINFULANDEZIRANLUOGUOBEITUJICAISHIHOUYIYINQIZHONGDU,GUZHEIXIELINDIBUYISANYANGTUJI。

2JIANHAOJISHE

JISHEYINGJIANZAI“SIYUAN”NEITONGFENGXIANGYANG,JIAOTONGBIANLI,DISHIPINGTAN、GAOZAO,PAISHUI、PAIWUTIAOJIANJIAOHAO,FANGYITIAOJIANFUHEBIAOZHUNYAOQIU,ZHOUWEILINMUSHENGZHANGLIANGHAO,ZHONGJIANYOUZHANG10.0YI20.Om、KUAN1.5YI6.omKONGDIDEDIFANG。JISHEFANGXIANGYIZUOBEICHAONANHUOZUOXIBEICHAODONGNAN。JISHEJIANZAOKEJIUDIQUCAI,YONGTUPI、ZHUANKUAI、ZHUGAN、MUTIAODENGJIANCHENGGAOYUE2.Om、KUADU1.5YI6.om、ZHANG10.。~20.omDEPOSHIKUANGJIA,ZAIZHONGJIANKAIYIGE1.OmZUOYOUDEMEN,ZHOUWEIHEDINGBUYONGYOUMAOZHAN、JIUSULIAOBIANZHIDAI、SHIMIANWAHEHOUHEISULIAOBOMOWEIQIBINGFUGAIGUDING,LIDIMIAN0.3mCHUYONGZHUPIAN、MUTIAOHUOSHUZHIYI2.0。mJIANGEPUSHEQICHUANG。KEGENJUSIYANGLIANGJIANZAOJISHE,MEIDONGJISHEJIANJU30.0YI50.om,BINGZAIFUJINJIANGUANLIFANGHEPEILIAOFANG。JISHENEI、WAIFANGZHIYIDINGSHULIANGDELIAOCAOHEYINSHUIQI。JISHECHANGDISHIYONGsaHOU,YINGZHUANHUANDAOXINCHANGDI,YILIYUFANGYIJIJIANSHAOYIBINGFASHENG。

3XUANZEJIZHONG

YOUYUYANGZHIHUANJINGZUIJIANDAN,SUOYIYINGXUANZESHIYINGDANGDIHUANJING、KANGBINGLIQIANG、NAICUSI、FUHESHICHANGXUQIUDETUZAJIHUOBENDITUJI。

4FANGYANGCHUJI

TUCHUJIFANGYANGZUIJIASHIQIYINGWEI4YUEZHONGXUNZHI10YUESHANGXUN(YIBANZAI4YUEZHONGXUNRANGTUJIJINREN“SIYUAN”,10YUESHANGXUNCHULIWANZUIHOUYIPITUJI),YINWEI4YI10YUEFEN“SIYUAN”NEIZA

北京11选5CAOCONGSHENG、ZHIWUZISHIHECHONGLEIJIAODUO,TUJIKECAISHIDAOCHONGZUDESHENGTAISILIAO,QITAYUEFENYOUYUQIHOUHANLENGBUSHIHECAIYONGZHEIZHONGSIYANGFANGSHI。RUOZIJIYUCHU,YIZAI3YUEFENYINJINTUJIMIAO,TUCHUJI2YI28RILINGSHIJIUKEYIJINREN“SIYUAN”。SIYANGMIDUYIXIAOWUDA,YINWEI“SIYUAN”DUITUJIDECHENGZAILIANGYOUYIDINGXIANDU,FANGYANGLIANGGUODA,TUJIHUODONGKONGJIANXIAO,HENKUAIJIUHUIBA“SIYUAN”LIDECHONG、CAOZHUOSHIWAN。JUKEXUEJISUAN,MEI667mZ“SIYUAN”FANGYANGTUJIYIBANBUYINGCHAOGUO30ZHI。TONGSHI,FANGYANGSHIYINGZHUYIJIANGTUJIANQIANGRUOFENKAI,FENPIFANGREN“SIYUAN”,FANGYANGGUIMOYIMEIQUN800YI1100ZHI(JI3GEJISHEDESIYANGLIANG)WEIYI。GUIMOGUODA,BUYIGUANLI;GUIMOGUOXIAO,ZEYIDAOZHICHENGBENJIAOGAO、XIAOYIJIAODI。

YAOXUANZENUANHEWUFENGDETIANQIJINXINGSHIFANGYANG,KAISHISHIJIANYINGDUANXIE,YIHOUZHUJIANYANZHANG,SHITUJIZHUJIANSHIYINGFANGYANG。FANGYANGDIDIANYICONGJINDAOYUAN,ZHUBUKUODAFANWEI,DANFANGYANGHUODONGFANWEIBUYINGTAIDA,YITIGAOSHENGTAISILIAOLIYONGLV。KEYONGWANGYAN2.0cmx2.。。m、GAO1.5YI2.omDESULIAOSIWANGWEILANFENGEKAI,BUJINXIANZHILETUJIDEHUODONGFANWEI,ERQIEKEFANGZHITU

JIWAITAOJIQITADONGWURUQIN。

LINGWAI,ZAIFANGYANGSHIYINGJINXINGGUIMUDIAOJIAO。JUTICUOSHISHI:ZAIFANGYANGGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUYISHIDIZAICAODIHUOPODISHANGSASHAOLIANGDEZHONGJILILIAOHEGUWU,BIANSABIANQIAOSILIAOPENHUOCHUISHAOZI,YISHITUJIXINGCHENGTIAOJIANFANSHE(JITINGJIANSHENGYINJIUZHIDAOYOUDONGXICHI),BIANYUYIHOUSHOUMU。FANGYANGSHIYAOYOUZHUANRENFUZE,QIEYAOMIQIEGUANZHUTIANQIZHUANGKUANG,RUOTIANQITUBIAN,YINGXUNSUSHOUMU。XIATIANFANGYANGSHI,ZAOCHEN、BANGWANYISHIDANGYANZHANGSHIJIAN,ZHONGWUYAORANGJIQUNZAISHUYINXIAXIUXIHUOSHOUMU,BUKESHIJIQUNZHANGSHIJIANDAIZAILIERIXIA,YIFANGZHONGSHU。

5SIYANGGUANLI

TUJIFANGRU“SIYUAN”HOU,YINGZUOHAOYIXIAJIXIANGSIYANGGUANLIGONGZUO。

l)DIAOKONGWEN、SHIDU。YIBANYAOQIUYUCHUDI1ZHOUWENDUWEI33~34℃,YIHOUMEIZHOUXIADIAO2YI3℃,YIZHIJIANGDAO21YI22℃WEIZHI。XIANGDUISHIDUKONGZHIZAI58%ZUOYOU,QIANQISHAOGAO,

HOUQISHAODI。

2)BAOCHITONGFENG。HANLENGJIJIEZAIZHONGWUTIANQINUANHESHI,KESHIDANGKAICHUANGTONGFENG,QITASHIJIANTONGFENGSHIYAOZHUYIFANGZHILENGFENGQINREN,YIFANGTUJIGANMAO;YANREJIJIEYINGBAOCHIJISHETONGFENGSHUNCHANG,YIBAOCHISHENEIKONGQIQINGXIN。

北京11选53)DIAOJIEMIDU。YIBANTUJIOYI4ZHOULINGSHI,SIYANGMIDUYINGBAOCHI18~2ZHI/m“;5~7ZHOULINGSHI,BAOCHI10YI18ZHI/mZ。

4)GONGJIGUANGZHAO。TUCHUJIJINRENJISHEDEQIAN3d,YAOCAIQU24hGUANGZHAO;4YI7RILINGZHUJIANJIANSHAODAO15h/d;8YI14RILINGZHUJIANJIANSHAODAOsh/d;YIHOUBAOCHIsh/d。GUANGZHAOQIANGDUYI

北京11选5。.7W/mZWEIHAO,DENGPAOLIDIMIAN2.lmZUOYOUWEIYI。

5)SHIDANGBUSI。WEISHITUJIZAI10~120RILINGSHITIZHONGDADAO2kgYISHANGDESHANGSHIBIAOZHUN,FANGYANGDETONGSHIYAOSHIDANGGONGJIQUANJIASILIAO。KECAIYONGZHENGGUISILIAOCHANGJIASHENGCHANDEROUZAJIYU

北京11选5CHUQUANJIASILIAOSHIDANGBUSI,YEKECAIQUNONGSUOLIAOHUOYUHUNLIAOANSHUOMINGPEIZHIHOUSHIDANGBUSI。

6)JINGXINSIWEI。TUCHUJIJINRUJISHE3hNEI,YINGRANGQIZIYOUYINYONG17YI18℃、TIANJIALE。.1%GAOMENGSUANJIADE5%DETANGSHUI,QIEYIHOUYAOJINGCHANGGONGJIWENKAISHUI。TUCHUJIKAISHIYONGDESILIAOKELIYAOXIXIAO,QIEYAOXIANPEIXIANWEI、SHAOWEIQINTIAN(lYI7RILING7YI8CI/d,7RILINGYIHOU5YI6CI/d)。FANGYANGQIDEWEILIAOZAOSHANGYISHAO、WANSHANGYINGSHILIANG,TONGSHIKAOLVDAONANYANGCHAIJIMIAOMISHINENGLICHA,YIZHUOQINGJIALIAO,DANYAOZUODAOSHAOWEIQINTIAN,LIAOCAONEIBUNENGSHENGYUSILIAO。KAISHIFANGYANGQIAN,YAOZAISILIAOZHONGTIANJIASHAOLIANGDEQINGLVSILIAO,YIMIANFANGMUSHITUJIYINTURANCAISHIQINGLVSILIAOERCHANSHENGYINGJI。

6FANGYIXIAODU

BUNENGYINWEI“SIYUAN”YUQITAYANGZHICHANGGELI、KONGQILIUTONG、WURANJIAOSHAOERQINGSHIFANGYI,YIDINGYAOZHIDINGKEXUEDEMIANYICHENGXU。KECANKAOYIXIAMIANYICHENGXU:1RILING,JIMALIKESHIBINGYIMIAO,JIROUZHUSHE;8YI10RILING,JIXINCHENGYI1XIYIMIAOJIAJICHUANRANXINGZHIQIGUANYANHUOYIMIAO(H12OZHU),DIBI;14YI15RILING,JICHUANRANXINGFASHINANGBINGYIMIAO,2BEILIANGYINSHUI;24YI25

RILING,

北京11选5JIXINCHENGYIYOURUJIMIEHUOYIMIAO,JIROUZHUSHE;45RILING,JICHUANRANXINGFASHINANGBINGYIMIAO,2BEILIANGYINSHUI,JIAQIANGMIANYI。LINGWAI,YINGCAIQUQUANJINQUANCHU、ZONGHEFANGYIDESIYANGFANGSHI,BINGZAIMEIPITUJICHUSHOUHOUDUIJISHE、HUODONGCHANGDIDENGJINXINGCHEDIXIAODU,TONGSHIDUIQINGLICHUDEJIFENYEYAOJIZHONGJINXINGFAJIAOCHULI。

7XUYAOZHUYIDEJIDIAN

北京11选5“SIYUAN”FANGYANG,KANSIJIANDAN,DANKEXUEDESIYANGGUANLIJUEBUNENGHUSHI。YIYAOYOUZHUANRENFUZE。FANGYANGSHIYINGZIXIGUANCHAJIQUN,FAXIANXINGDONGCHIHUAN、DAITOUDAINAO、JINGSHENBUZHENDEBINGRUOTUJI,YINGJISHIGELI、ZHILIAO。ERYAOJIHUAZHOUMI,ZHUNBEICHONGFEN。GENJU“SIYUAN”MIANJI,GUJITOUZIDAXIAO,JIANZAOSHILIANGJISHE,BEIHAOYINSHUIQIHELIAOCAO,QUEDINGSIYANGGUIMO,HELIANPAISIYANGZHOUQIHEPICI,BIMIANSHOUMANGJIAOLUAN。SANYAOJISHIHESUANCHENGBEN,JIANHAOJIUSHOU。“SIYUAN”SANYANGTUJI,TUJISUIKECAISHIYUANZHONGCHONG、CAODENGSHIWU,DANHAISHIYAOSHIDANGBUSI。SUOYIZAILIRUNJIAODISHI,YINGKAOLVJIZAOCHUSHOUHUOTINGZHIJIANGTUJIFANGREN“SIYUAN”。


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